Sapporo (Japanese: さ っ ぽ ろ し) It is a city located in the central region of Kawakido, Japan, the capital of Hokkaido and the location of the headquarters of Ishi-Kano Bureau, and one of the designated cities by the decree. With a population of more than 1.9 million, it is the largest city in Hokkaido and the fifth most populous city in Japan, accounting for 35% of the population of Hokkaido, while the Sapporo metropolitan area is home to about half of the population. Although geographically located in the western part of Hokkaido, it is the radiating point of Hokkaido's railway, highway, and air routes, and therefore the center of Hokkaido in terms of transportation.
Hokkaido ( ほ っ か い ど う ) It is the northernmost first-level administrative district in Japan, and the only administrative district in Japan to take the name of "Dao". The office of Dao is located in Sapporo City. The whole territory contains several northern islands, with a total area of 83,423.84 square kilometers, making it the largest first-level administrative region in Japan. Hokkaido has a population of 5.34 million, making it the eighth most populous first-level administrative region in Japan. Hokkaido can also refer to the island in which the administrative region is located. The main island of Hokkaido, together with Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, is one of the four major islands of Japan. With an area of 77,983.92 square kilometers, the island is the second largest island in Japan, and also the 21st largest island in the world.
In addition to some coastal areas of Donan, Hokkaido has a maritime climate on the west coast and a temperate humid climate, almost all areas of Hokkaido have a humid climate in the sub-frigid zone. The annual average temperature in Hokkaido is between 5 and 10 degrees, and the annual average precipitation is between 800 and 1,800 mm. Compared with other regions in Japan, the climate in Hokkaido is cooler and dry. The temperature of Hokkaido varies greatly throughout the year. Although the climate of Hokkaido is quite cool in summer, the average temperature in most areas in winter can reach below minus 8 degrees, especially in northern and eastern regions of the island. Especially in inland basin areas, the temperature changes dramatically throughout the year. In Asahikawa City, a temperature of minus 41 degrees was recorded in 1902, which is the cold pole of Japan. But the region is also the hotter part of Hokkaido in the summer. In addition, the whole territory of Hokkaido has been designated as a snow zone by the Japanese government, and some areas have been designated as special snow zone. Ocean currents have a great impact on the climate of Hokkaido. Ocean currents, such as the Mauna Current and the Thousand Island Current, pass through the waters of Hokkaido.
Hokkaido is an important agricultural area in Japan. Rich food materials also contribute to the diverse food culture in Hokkaido. Hokkaido is rich in aquatic resources, making sushi, crab meat and other seafood cuisine has become a representative of Hokkaido high cuisine. There are many kinds of seafood dishes in Hokkaido, among which the most famous ones are Matsuchi tuna rice bowl, Hakotian live squid rice bowl, and Kushiro's rice bowl. Hokkaido is one of the most prosperous areas of Japanese ramen culture. Among Hokkaido ramen, three kinds of ramen are the most representative: Asahikawa ramen (soy sauce flavor), Sapporo ramen and Hakoate ramen. Hokkaido is Japan's largest dairy producing region, and all kinds of desserts using milk are an integral part of the food culture in Hokkaido. Famous dessert companies in Hokkaido include Ishiya Higashi (white lover's sweets), Royce ' and Rokbukyo. Hokkaido is also the first region in Japan to popularize beer culture, and Sapporo Beer is one of the four major beer companies in Japan
The cold climate in winter gives Hokkaido the best conditions for the development of winter sports. In 1972, the city of Sapporo hosted the Winter Olympics, which was the first time that the Winter Olympics were held in Japan, which also shows the prosperity of winter sports in Hokkaido. Hokkaido has the largest number of ski resorts in Japan and attracts foreign ski enthusiasts such as Australia due to its excellent snow quality. Winter sports in Hokkaido show different regional characteristics due to climate differences. Snow sports such as skiing and ski jumping are flourishing in the western region due to more snow. In the east, however, ice sports such as ice hockey and skating tend to be more popular because the weather is dry and there is less snow. Many of Japan's winter sports athletes hail from Hokkaido.
Hokkaido is a tourist hotspot in Japan. The vast area of Hokkaido makes the tourism resources in different regions have very different characteristics. Donan is one of the earliest places in Hokkaido to be visited by people, so it is also famous for its history and cultural landscape. Matsumaichi is the northernmost city in Japan and the only Japanese-style castle in Hokkaido. Echacho on the west coast of the Watashima Peninsula is famous for its folk culture and historical landscape. Hakodate is the tourist center of the Donan region. As one of the first five ports to be opened to the outside world in Japan, Hakodate is famous for its Western-style architecture, such as the Kinson Red Brake Warehouse and the old Hakodate District Hall. The night scenery of Hakodate Mountain is reputed as the world's three largest night scenery. In addition, Hanuma Park on the outskirts of Hakodate is a famous wetland in Daonan. The central region is the most visited region in Hokkaido. The city of Sapporo has such pioneering era buildings as the old Khai Dodo Hall, the clock tower of Sapporo City, and the Taitu Park is a representative metropolitan park in Japan. The city of Otaru, near Sapporo, was once the gateway of Hokkaido, famous for its Otaru Canal, Western-style architecture and glass crafts. New Snow Valley has the largest ski resort and vacation area in Hokkaido, and outdoor sports activities are very popular. Nobbe and Toyako on the coast of central Japan are one of the most famous hot spring resorts in Japan.
After the opening of the new Chitose airport in 1988, Hokkaido began to fly overseas. Since it is inconvenient to reach Hokkaido directly through land transportation, air transportation has become the most important external transportation mode in Hokkaido. In 2013, the route between Haneda Airport and New Chitosan Airport had 8,838,667 passengers, which is the largest domestic airline in Japan. Routes from Kansai to Shin Chitose and Nagoya to Shin Chitose were also among the top destinations in Japan. At present, there are altogether 14 airports in Hokkaido (among which Reibun Airport is suspended), among which three airports, Shin Chitose, Asahikawa and Hakodate, have regular international flights. Among the airports in Hokkaido, the New 1000 - year-old has the most passengers. With 22,717,980 passengers in 2017, New Chitose is Japan's fourth largest airport by passenger numbers. After the new Chitose Airport, the most frequented airports in Hokkaido are Hakodate and Asahikawa. Hokkaido is also home to Air Do and North Sea Air System. Air Do mainly operates routes from Haneda Airport to Hokkaido airports and from New Chitose Airport to all parts of Japan. The Hokkaido Air System operates flights from Chooju Airport to Rishiri Airport, Kushiro Airport, Hakodate Airport, Misawa Airport, and Hakodate Airport to Okjiri and Misawa Airport.
Sapporo Snow Festival
Location of Sapporo City in Hokkaido
Hokkaido's position in Japan
Night view of Sapporo city from algal rock mountain
White Lovers Museum
Sapporo Beer Museum